Indian election: Possible impact on Bangladesh

Barrister Harun ur Rashid
Sources : THE 16th parliamentary election of the Lower House (Lok Sabha) is being held from 7th April in nine phases until 12th May. The results will be announced on 16th May and a new government will be formed thereafter.
Naturally everyone in Bangladesh is thinking how will relation between Bangladesh and India develop after the Indian elections? Will it be the same or different? Answers to the questions will depend on which parties are likely to secure the largest number of seats in the election.
The magic number is to get 272 parliamentary seats to form the national government in New Delhi… Whichever party or parties can cobble together this number of seats, they can form the national government.
Polls in India suggest that BJP is much ahead of the Congress. According to recent Indian NDTV polls BJP is likely to secure 214 seats (116 in 2009) while the Congress may get 104 seats (206 in 2009). Another private channel G-News claims that the BJP may get 218 and the Congress may secure 94-106 seats. However it has been seen that in many instances polls do not translate into reality.
Analysts say BJP’s coalition could be possibly built if the BJP gets around 200 seats. Winning less than 170 seats, BJP would have to rely on more coalition partners in which case the party may have to compromise its domestic agenda.
Ordinarily it is correct that foreign policy does not change dramatically with the change of the government because geo-political and economic realities remain as they are and especially with neighbouring countries. However domestic agenda has direct impact on foreign policy. Furthermore another type of pressure that influences foreign policy is based on the political ideology of the party which comes to power.
The above view seems to be corroborated by the Indian High Commissioner who on 7th April, said at a seminar as reported by a new agency (UNB), that “I would suppose that the policy would also remain constant.” Then he was quoted to have elaborated that “the policy will remain the same as long as the fundamentals of the relationship are strong, as long as the two country’s interests remain constant and as long as both countries have a general understanding of what need to do”.
On Bangladesh-India relations, although has been many gains in many areas, severe confidence deficit remains with Bangladesh on India’s commitment to fulfill its pledges with Bangladesh, such as, signing of the Teesta water sharing, non-ratification of land boundary agreement and continued killing or kidnapping of Bangladeshi citizens at the border.
In the light of the above background, when a new government is installed in New Delhi, the direction of relations may likely to develop on the following situations:
First, if BJP forms a coalition government at the centre, it may implement its hardcore Hindutva agenda including construction of Ram Temple on the site of Babri mosque as indicated in its poll manifesto, Furthermore a resolution of the BJP national council meeting in February in New Delhi said: “The BJP is firmly opposed to any hurried border dispute settlement with Bangladesh and it must be a part of comprehensive solution of all issues, including the most important issue of infiltration,” of people from Bangladesh to India.
Allegation of illegal immigration from Bangladesh is one the mantras of the election campaign of BJP. Many think the allegation is cooked up by BJP to get votes from Hindu extremists.. Once BJP in power, this may possibly result in sending back all Bengali-speaking people from India to Bangladesh, irrespective of their citizenship.
Second, if either the Congress makes a surprising comeback or the third front forms a coalition government, it is most likely to be weak and as a result it may not be able to take any further initiative with Bangladesh.
Third, whether political position of chief minister Mamata Banerjee of West Bengal and leader of Trinamool Congress and those of Asom Gana Parishad party or BJP in neighbouring states of Bangladesh becomes stronger or weaker after the election.
While Ms. Banerjee blocked the Teesta water agreement, AGP, Trinamool Congress together with the BJP blocked the Singh government to implement the land boundary agreement. The reported statement of Mamata Banerjee on border enclaves and Teesta water-sharing during her election campaign in Cooch Behar district on 12th April is not helpful.
There is another view. If Modi becomes the Prime Minister, analysts say that some of his campaign’s populist Hindutva policies were used for votes and when one is in power, pragmatic views force a leader to change the policy. Furthermore Modi is reportedly not comfortable with the increasing influence of China in Bangladesh. All these factors may prompt Modi to pursue friendly policies with strategically located Bangladesh because of India’s security and economic interests. However, since there are too many unknowns about Modi, ,it is hard to predict in which direction the bilateral relations will shape up if he becomes the Prime Minister. .
In an event of the aforementioned political scenarios, India-Bangladesh bilateral relations will be somewhat different from what exist today.

More from Asia

Reducing Poverty by Closing South Asia’s Infrastructure Gap

Infrastructure Gap

Bangladesh will have to spend $7.4 billion to $10 billion a year until 2020 to bring its power grids, roads and water supplies up to the standard needed to serve its growing population, a World Bank report said yesterday. “In … read more

The potential role of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank-1

China’s president, Xi Jinping, announced the creation of an Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) just before the October 2013 APEC meeting in Bali. If the new bank is managed professionally to finance commercially viable investments in economic infrastructure, it can … read more

Bimstec summit Opportunities for Bangladesh

bimstec-Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation.

The 3rd Bimstec Summit is being held at the Myanmar capital Nay Pyi Taw from March 1-4. The first summit was held in Bangkok in 2004 and the second in New Delhi in 2008. A new sub-regional group came into … read more

Bangladesh in favour of giving India transshipment


Bangladesh is in favour of allowing transshipment facility to India with a view to broadening regional trade connectivity, said Commerce Minister Tofail Ahmed today. If transshipment is allowed, Indian transports will unload the goods to the Bangladeshi bordering areas and … read more

Bangladesh New Govt : 49-member cabinet sworn in

A new 49-member cabinet led by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina was sworn in on Sunday (12-01-2014)afternoon. President Abdul Hamid administered the oath. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina will look after the Cabinet Division, Public Administration Ministry and Defence Ministry. The ministers … read more

Finalisation of HRH Commitment of Bangladesh..

Human Resources For Health: Foundation For Universal Health Coverage And The Post-2015 Development Agenda.. Bangladesh has shown remarkable improvement in certain health and population development indicators. There has been a comprehensive network of government health facilities to provide maternal, neonatal … read more

Sheikh Hasina lays foundation stone for Dhaka Metro rail project

Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on Thursday laid the foundation stone for the country’s first-ever Metro rail project. The ceremony took place at Gazipur on the outskirts of capital Dhaka on Thursday evening, Xinhua reported. In February this year, Bangladesh … read more

Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Safari Park- is the biggest park in Asia

>(function(d, s, id) { var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; if (d.getElementById(id)) return; js = d.createElement(s); = id; js.src = “//″; fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); }(document, ‘script’, ‘facebook-jssdk’)); Post by ????? ???? ???, ????? ????. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Safari Park 690 … read more

For madrassa students, new avenues to success

A university has developed a special one-year course offering a path to higher education, new job opportunities, and a broader vision of the world. Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) has launched a new “bridge course” for madrassa students to help prepare … read more

ADB with Bangladesh – a firm commitment to strengthening its partnership with the government

The Asian Development Bank yesterday celebrated its 40th year in Bangladesh with a firm commitment to strengthening its partnership with the government, civil society and stakeholders to help the country unlock its potential. The Manila-based lender also expressed strong determination … read more